The 18th PhD seminar was held on 27th Feb 2020 at the Faculty of agriculture (FOA), College of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences, University of Nairobi. The seminar started at 9.30 a.m. The seminar brought together postgraduate students from various departments within the FOA, who shared their PhD research findings to staff and students. This is a PhD seminar series programme in the faculty of Agriculture that aims at improving PhD research quality and also offer the PhD students an opportunity to share their research findings with fellow researchers. Dr.